Special Research Programme: Japan and the World in the Age of Multilayer Globalism
Release: December 18, 2020 Update: December 18, 2020

The basis of the existing international order, what can be defined as 'liberal globalism,' has been challenged by non-liberal globalism promoted by the emerging powers including China, while 'techno-globalism' in which the humanity has never experienced are drastically transforming the society through AI and cyberspace. Thus, it can be regarded that the 21st Century world has entered 'the age of multilayer globalism.'

The liberal democracies including Japan are facing a historical issue of how effectively they could subsume the economic dynamism generated by the emerging powers while maintaining its universal values.

Under such perception, JFIR has established the three-year research project "Japan’s Diplomatic Strategy in the Age of 'Multilayer Globalism'" in 2020. The project consists of the 6 research branches listed below. The results made in/by the research branches will be updated in this website.

Branch 1: China Risk and China Opportunity in the Era of "Indo-Pacific"
Branch 2: Japan's Diplomacy toward Eurasia amid Ongoing Multi-polarization: From Perspectives of Geopolitics
Branch 3: US-China Hegemonic Competition and Indo-Pacific Geoeconomics
Branch 4: Strengthening Japan's Overall Diplomatic Capability: Possibility of Japan as a "Hybrid Power"
Branch 5: Multi-faceted Approach to Reinforcing a Maritime Order in East Asia: Shaping and Rallying Maritime "Public Opinion"
Branch 6: Domestic Factors in China's Foreign Behavior and Japan's Response

NOTE: The views in the various proposals, columns and essays posted on this page are the personal views of the authors and do not represent the views of the Japan Forum on International Relations.